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數控龍門式導軌磨床結構設計

2021-08-24  來自: 威海豐潤機械有限公司 瀏覽次(ci)數(shu):56


在床 身的(de)兩側有立柱,在兩個立柱上(shang)(shang)方連接有橫梁(liang)(liang),橫梁(liang)(liang)上(shang)(shang)裝有可(ke)上(shang)(shang)下移動(dong)的(de)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou),工(gong)(gong)(gong)作臺帶動(dong) 工(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)的(de)移動(dong)與(yu)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou)上(shang)(shang)下移動(dong)及磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou)上(shang)(shang)磨(mo)(mo)削(xue)砂輪的(de)轉動(dong)相配(pei)合可(ke)對床身導軌(gui)(gui)面進行磨(mo)(mo)削(xue)。這(zhe) 種結構的(de)磨(mo)(mo)床由于是單個導軌(gui)(gui)面磨(mo)(mo)削(xue),導致磨(mo)(mo)削(xue)加工(gong)(gong)(gong)速度慢,各(ge)導軌(gui)(gui)面之間(jian)誤差大,被加工(gong)(gong)(gong) 工(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian)的(de)精度不高。


龍門式導軌磨床




數控龍門式導軌磨床結構設計

1 為床(chuang)身,在(zai)(zai)床(chuang)身 1 上(shang)(shang)面安(an)裝(zhuang)有(you)(you)(you)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)臺 4,工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)臺 4 可(ke)相(xiang)對(dui)于(yu)床(chuang)身 1 縱(zong)向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)移動(dong)(dong)(dong),工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)臺 4 連接(jie)動(dong)(dong)(dong)力機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou),動(dong)(dong)(dong)力機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)接(jie)數(shu)控裝(zhuang)置,數(shu)控裝(zhuang)置及(ji)動(dong)(dong)(dong)力機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)可(ke)驅(qu)動(dong)(dong)(dong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)臺 4 沿床(chuang)身縱(zong)向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)移動(dong)(dong)(dong),從(cong)而帶動(dong)(dong)(dong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)臺 4 上(shang)(shang)的(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)件(jian) ( 被加(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)的(de)床(chuang)身 ) 移動(dong)(dong)(dong)。在(zai)(zai)床(chuang)身的(de)一 側固(gu)(gu)定設置有(you)(you)(you)右(you)(you)立(li)柱(zhu) 2,另(ling)一側固(gu)(gu)定設置有(you)(you)(you)左(zuo)立(li)柱(zhu) 3,在(zai)(zai)右(you)(you)立(li)柱(zhu) 2 和(he)左(zuo)立(li)柱(zhu) 3 的(de)上(shang)(shang)方固(gu)(gu)定連 接(jie)有(you)(you)(you)橫(heng)梁 8,形成(cheng)龍門式框架結(jie)(jie)構(gou)(gou)。16 為直線導軌,共四(si)組(zu),5 為滑板(ban),滑板(ban) 5 通過(guo)(guo)直線導軌 16 安(an)裝(zhuang)在(zai)(zai)橫(heng)梁 8 上(shang)(shang),各直 線導軌為上(shang)(shang)下豎直設置。在(zai)(zai)橫(heng)梁 8 上(shang)(shang)方中間位置固(gu)(gu)定安(an)裝(zhuang)有(you)(you)(you)蝸(gua)輪(lun)(lun)蝸(gua)桿(gan)式升(sheng)降(jiang)驅(qu)動(dong)(dong)(dong)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou) 14, 在(zai)(zai)滑板(ban) 5 的(de)中間部位安(an)裝(zhuang)有(you)(you)(you)升(sheng)降(jiang)絲母(mu) 15,升(sheng)降(jiang)驅(qu)動(dong)(dong)(dong)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou) 14 上(shang)(shang)的(de)輸出絲桿(gan)與絲母(mu) 5 相(xiang)配,升(sheng) 降(jiang)驅(qu)動(dong)(dong)(dong)機(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou) 14 可(ke)驅(qu)動(dong)(dong)(dong)滑板(ban) 5 相(xiang)對(dui)于(yu)橫(heng)梁 8 上(shang)(shang)下移動(dong)(dong)(dong)。在(zai)(zai)滑板(ban) 5 上(shang)(shang)水平方向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)加(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)有(you)(you)(you)巨(ju)(ju)型導軌,通過(guo)(guo)該(gai)巨(ju)(ju)型導軌安(an)裝(zhuang)有(you)(you)(you)位于(yu)右(you)(you)側的(de)右(you)(you)上(shang)(shang)磨(mo)(mo) 頭體(ti) 7 和(he)位于(yu)左(zuo)側的(de)左(zuo)上(shang)(shang)磨(mo)(mo)頭體(ti) 17,右(you)(you)上(shang)(shang)磨(mo)(mo)頭體(ti) 7 上(shang)(shang)的(de)右(you)(you)上(shang)(shang)砂輪(lun)(lun) 11 和(he)左(zuo)上(shang)(shang)磨(mo)(mo)頭體(ti) 17 上(shang)(shang)的(de) 左(zuo)上(shang)(shang)砂輪(lun)(lun) 18 均向(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)內(nei)側相(xiang)對(dui)設置,形成(cheng)對(dui)稱結(jie)(jie)構(gou)(gou)。


在(zai)右(you)上(shang)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou)體 7 和左上(shang)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou)體 17 之間固(gu) 定(ding)連接有連接板,使(shi)兩(liang)個磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou)體可同時沿巨型導(dao)軌相對于滑(hua)(hua)板 5 水(shui)平方(fang)向移動(dong)(dong)。12 為(wei)(wei)安裝 在(zai)滑(hua)(hua)板 5 端頭(tou)的(de)(de)由電(dian)機(ji)減速器構(gou)成的(de)(de)上(shang)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou)驅動(dong)(dong)機(ji)構(gou),該驅動(dong)(dong)機(ji)構(gou)的(de)(de)輸(shu)出水(shui)平絲(si)(si)杠 13 與(yu)安 裝在(zai)右(you)上(shang)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou)體 7 上(shang)的(de)(de)絲(si)(si)母相配(pei)合,通(tong)(tong)過(guo)水(shui)平絲(si)(si)杠 13 可驅動(dong)(dong)上(shang)述各磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou)體動(dong)(dong)作。6 為(wei)(wei)選用(yong)的(de)(de)右(you)十(shi)字滑(hua)(hua)臺(tai),10 為(wei)(wei)右(you)下(xia)(xia)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou),右(you)下(xia)(xia)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou) 10 通(tong)(tong)過(guo)右(you)十(shi)字滑(hua)(hua)臺(tai) 6 安裝在(zai)右(you) 立(li)柱(zhu) 2 上(shang) ;20 為(wei)(wei)選用(yong)的(de)(de)左十(shi)字滑(hua)(hua)臺(tai),19 為(wei)(wei)左下(xia)(xia)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou),左下(xia)(xia)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou) 19 通(tong)(tong)過(guo)左十(shi)字滑(hua)(hua)臺(tai) 20 安裝在(zai) 左立(li)柱(zhu) 3 上(shang) ;右(you)下(xia)(xia)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou) 10 上(shang)的(de)(de)磨(mo)(mo)輪 21 和左下(xia)(xia)磨(mo)(mo)頭(tou) 19 上(shang)的(de)(de)磨(mo)(mo)輪 22 均向內側相對設置,形成 對稱(cheng)結構(gou)。



9 為被磨(mo)(mo)(mo)削(xue)加工的(de)(de)工件(jian) ( 機床床身 ),工件(jian) 9 上(shang)(shang)(shang)方有(you)多個導軌面(mian),兩(liang)(liang)側有(you)下壓板(ban)(ban)面(mian), 其中上(shang)(shang)(shang)方各(ge)導軌面(mian)由右上(shang)(shang)(shang)砂(sha)輪(lun)11、左上(shang)(shang)(shang)砂(sha)輪(lun)18磨(mo)(mo)(mo)削(xue),兩(liang)(liang)側的(de)(de)下壓板(ban)(ban)面(mian)由右下磨(mo)(mo)(mo)頭(tou)10上(shang)(shang)(shang)的(de)(de)磨(mo)(mo)(mo) 輪(lun) 21 和左下磨(mo)(mo)(mo)頭(tou) 19 上(shang)(shang)(shang)的(de)(de)磨(mo)(mo)(mo)輪(lun) 22 磨(mo)(mo)(mo)削(xue),上(shang)(shang)(shang)述各(ge)磨(mo)(mo)(mo)削(xue)動作可同時(shi)進行(xing)。各(ge)磨(mo)(mo)(mo)頭(tou)結(jie)構為現有(you)技術,不再祥述。為了抵消滑(hua)板(ban)(ban) 5 及其上(shang)(shang)(shang)的(de)(de)各(ge)磨(mo)(mo)(mo)頭(tou)的(de)(de)自重,可在橫梁 8 上(shang)(shang)(shang)方安裝(zhuang)(zhuang)有(you)定(ding)滑(hua) 輪(lun),鋼絲繩繞過定(ding)滑(hua)輪(lun)一(yi)(yi)端(duan)與滑(hua)板(ban)(ban) 5 相(xiang)(xiang)接(jie),另(ling)一(yi)(yi)端(duan)與油缸(gang)內的(de)(de)活(huo)塞桿外端(duan)頭(tou)相(xiang)(xiang)接(jie),油缸(gang)安裝(zhuang)(zhuang) 在立柱上(shang)(shang)(shang)并與液(ye)壓控制裝(zhuang)(zhuang)置相(xiang)(xiang)接(jie),通過油缸(gang)的(de)(de)作用可抵消一(yi)(yi)部分滑(hua)板(ban)(ban) 5 及其上(shang)(shang)(shang)的(de)(de)各(ge)磨(mo)(mo)(mo)頭(tou)的(de)(de) 自重。上(shang)(shang)(shang)述機構安裝(zhuang)(zhuang)兩(liang)(liang)組(zu),即每個立柱處(chu)均安裝(zhuang)(zhuang)一(yi)(yi)組(zu)。


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